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Richmond, North Yorkshire

Richmond, North Yorkshire is a town of unique character and beauty which has changed little through the centuries. With the variety of shopping and it's many pubs, hotels and restaurants, the proximity to the most stunning scenery anywhere to be seen, Richmond remains one of the most beautiful and rewarding places to visit in the Country.

Founded by the Normans in 1071 the town grew up around the castle built on the 'riche-mont' or 'strong-hill' that gave the town its name and whose massive keep dominates all other buildings around. The first of all Richmonds was an important regional centre in the medieval period, when royal charters were granted giving rights to hold markets and fairs.

The Georgian era was one of great prosperity for the town, when many fine buildings were constructed, and one of the first gas works in Europe was built. Many of the houses built at that time surround the cobbled market place, said to be one of the largest in England, with the Church of the Holy Trinity rising from its centre.

All of the information above and below has been provided by Richmond Online, an excellent website that I am sure you will find extremely useful to visit for more information, not only on the history of Richmond, but also current events, town guide and much more.  Please click here to find out more www.richmond.org

Local Attractions & Points of Interest

Please click on www.richmond.org for full details of what exciting things Richmond, North Yorkshire can offer you and your family & friends.

St Agatha's Abbey, Easby

31 December 2012

St Agatha's Abbey, Easby

This was a house of the Pre-monstratensians founded around 1152. The Order took its name from the Abbey of Premontre in the diocese of Laon, it having been inaugurated there by St. Norbert in 1120. The Premonstratensians wore a white habit and became known as the White Canons.

The White Canons followed a simple and austere life but, unlike monks of other orders, they were exempt from Episcopal jurisdiction and were not subject to the same strict discipline.

They were in constant danger of being raided by the Scots and were obliged to call in the English army for protection. They got it — but at a fearful cost. In 1346, an English army, on its way to the Battle of Nevilles Cross, was billeted in the abbey. The soldiers spent most of the time in drunken brawling and inflicted as much damage as the Scots would have done.

Eventualy the abbey suffered further looting and destruction with the dissolution of the monasteries and was finally abandoned. At the time of dissolution, a bell was taken and installed in the belfry of the parish church of St. Mary along with the stalls and miserere seats.

 

Easby Church

The exact date of Easby Church is unknown, but is thought to have been built before the Abbey. However, except for parts of the chancel, little of the original church remains.

There are fine examples of wall decorations in the chancel of Easby Church. The pictures on the north wall depict subjects from the Old Testament; those on the south wall are from the New Testament. Before the discovery of painting in oils, the method used for murals such as those at Easby was for watercolours to be laid on the wall before the plaster was dry.

Also in Easby Church is a plaster replica of the carved stone Easby Cross. The original, which dates from the late 7th or early 8th century, is now in the Victoria and Albert Museum.

The significance of the cross (apart from its value as an example of early medieval art) is in the part it played in the introduction of Christianity to Britain. It was the practice of the early Christian missionaries to roam the country, carrying with them "rood staffs" which were long wooden stakes with a cross at the head. These were set up in the centre of village com-munities and the villagers would come out to the spot to hear the priest preaching the gospel. These village folk were the very first churchgoers in Britain, even though there was as yet no church building. Prior to the coming of the missionaries, however, it had been a Celtic custom to mark important places with rough stone pillars.

Eventually, the Christians adopted the Celtic idea and set up stone crosses in place of their "rood crosses", the sites of the stone crosses later becoming sites for the building of churches. As the "rood crosses" had been made of wood, they were usually ornately carved and this idea, too, was carried over and applied to the stone crosses.

The survival of the Easby Cross illustrates yet another historical paradox: for when the church was being built on the site of the original stone cross, the cross (which was regarded as being too crude) was broken up and used as convenient building stone in the new church. It was thus preserved in the safest possible place until it was found in the wall of the church and pieced together in the 20th century.



        


 

 

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